Fetal Echocardiography During Pregnancy

A close examination on exams during pregnancy: what is fetal echocardiography and when to do it to get timely feedback on foetal heart conditions. Here’s everything you need to know about it.

The fetal echocardiography is a special examination on the fetus that studies the anatomy and function of the heart of the baby when it is in baby bump. It is usually performed to check more thoroughly the heart only if your doctor thinks that might exist for the child a risk of congenital heart diseases or infections, maternal diseases or hereditary factors for short.

Typically the fetal echocardiography is not before 20 weeks, after ultrasound morphology. Already with the morphology the ultrasound looks at the heart and all its facilities, but it is sometimes necessary to perform a more detailed analysis, especially in cases where there is already a risk factor. On these occasions the test is run concurrently with the ultrasound morphology.

In any case, fetal echocardiography is not recommended before 20 weeks because, for the level of development and the conformation of the fetus, is not guaranteed a reliable diagnosis and reliable. Once the 20 weeks of pregnancy, the study can be accessed at any time if there was a need. See Babyinger for more information about pregnancy.

The basic risk, namely the general population, to conceive a fetus suffering from cardiac malformation is about 1%. However, there are situations where this risk increases and requires a more thorough examination. The gynecologist, in fact, requires this specific examination in case of infections and diseases contracted from the mother, as Cytomegalovirus, rubella or coxscakie and if the woman is suffering from type 1 diabetes and is insulin-dependent. Sometimes it is recommended even when are manifest other diseases, auto-immune diseases and maternal family as if there were cases of congenital heart diseases or cardiac malformations, that is, the existence of previous born infected with or the full-blown cardiac malformation in either parent.

There are, however, other cases in which you need to do fetal echocardiography. For example if the amniocentesis showed one chromosome damage, if the nuchal translucency exceeds 99 percentile and that is more than 3.5 mm, if the growth of the foetus has suddenly slowed in the second quarter, or if you have detected a fetal arrhythmia and that is a distortion of heartbeat.

Even hiring by the mother of medications with proven teratogenicity as anticonvulsants, Retinoic acid, lithium and alcohol can lead to request for this exam. Finally, it is recommended in cases where monochorionic twin pregnancies is to do a thorough investigation of the cardiac structures of fetuses.

It is important to know that the fetal echocardiography detects approximately 90% of cardiac malformations, a higher percentage than the routine ultrasounds, contributing approximately 50-70%. Sure, some malformations can not be found, like little defects Ventricular septal defect, and at other times in utero diagnosis of some anomalies detected by fetal echocardiography are denials at birth. It may happen that a small vsd highlighted during gestation had closed spontaneously during fetal growth and then not show up at birth.

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Urmila Diagnostics

Urmila Diagnostics

Source: urmiladiagnostics.com

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Fetal echocardiography at 11-13 weeks of pregnancy

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Ultrasound examination of the heart of the fetus (fetal ...

Source: www.fetmed.cz

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Source: www.verywell.com

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Source: www.cedarmed.com

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Source: anatomybodydiagram.com

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fetal heart rate at 6 weeks – beyondthecastle.org

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Source: beyondthecastle.org

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Source: womensultrasound.com.au

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Source: en.wikipedia.org