Not all trees and shrubs should be pruned regularly; it is often sufficient if they sometimes cropped to maintain a good shape. There are some exceptions, that really need annual pruning; please check out the label when you buy a new facility. What bushes standing in the garden, always remove dead or diseased branches or else the disease may extend to the rest of the plant. To distinguish live from dead wood, you scratch the bark with a fingernail away. The underlying wood is green, the branch is still alive, but it is brown or white, then the branch is dead. To determine the best cutting time, you should know that the bush on the old or new wood summer. Old wood is usually darker, with a rougher surface than new wood, which is lighter and smoother. If a branch has flourished, cut back to make way for development of new offices next year. Give the plant by pruning always fertilizer to encourage new growth. Mulching is done in the spring when the temperature rises.
Correct trimming cut
Create a smooth cut with a sharp sickle. With a dull blade damages the plant tissue. Corner of a disc depends on the location of the buttons on the branch. Create buttons with alternating an oblique cut just above a bud, so that possible raindrops from the flow off button. This reduces the risk of infections. Meet at the opposite buds of a horizontal cut.
When it should be pruned?
Pruning in winter leads to strong growth in the spring, because the energy of the tree or shrub needs to be distributed among fewer buttons. When summer pruning takes you away leaves that would otherwise create food for the plant, so it inhibits the crop. Pruning in late summer or autumn is usually unwise, because it promotes the development of young shoots that are sensitive to frost. An exception is high, shallow rooted shrubs, such as climbers, who are prone to wind. In general, winter or early spring is the best time for pruning of plants that bloom in late summer, while plants that bloom in spring or early summer should be pruned immediately after flowering.
Crop an overgrown bush
Pruning is necessary grown as a shrub by his forces. Divide the rebuild for a period of three years in order not to overload the system. Take the first year after flowering of the three branches. If the shrub blooms in late summer, until you cut him the following spring. Get the same time all the sick and misplaced branches. Let the bush after a year of peace, so that he can develop new branches. The second and third year you take in hand the rest of the old branches. You must loppers and a pruning saw for pruning mature bushes.
Deciduous shrubs pruning
Shrubs that bloom in late summer, usually do so at the auction that was developed earlier in the year. Pruning these plants during the winter or early spring to give them time to form new branches. Prune branches of fast-growing shrubs such as Buddleia davidii to two buds from the wood last year. Bring strong growers such as Hydrangea microphylla just faded and old branches. Deciduous shrubs in the spring or early summer bloom, prune immediately after flowering to produce to give them as much time as flowering branches for next year. Crops withered branches back to the forest last year. Be careful with shrubs that bloom on new wood, no young branches removes that have not yet bloomed. Some deciduous shrubs is not because of the flowers, but the cultivated another attractive feature. Of dogwoods and arrows are bare winter branches brilliant color. Prune them back annually to promote the growth of colored young shoots. Other shrubs such as lilacs, has beautiful leaves. Prune them every spring to the ground in a beautiful lush bush in summer.
Evergreen shrubs pruning
Most evergreen shrubs should be pruned regularly. Treating a sample become too sloppy when an overgrown bush and enter the renovation in phases spread over three years. Some evergreen shrubs such as aucuba and eucalyptus be activated so that they can be cut at a time dramatically.
Many small, evergreen, flowering shrubs, including many ground covers need to be pruned every year, such as lavender, cypress herb, wintergreen, marjoram and thyme. Some, such as lavender, it has hated as the old wood pruned away; just take it in the spring flowering stems and 2.5 to 5cm foliage.
Pruning cypress herb in the spring when the new shoots begin to develop until 7.5 to 15cm above the ground to cut back for a compact growth. Crop second ground cover to keep them full and dense.
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