Barbados, unlike many other islands of the Windward
Islands, consists of sedimentary rocks such as clay,
sandstone and conglomerate from the Upper Cretaceous,
superimposed by calcareous sediments and coral formations
with a thickness of up to 100 m. The soil is fertile and
well suited for cultivation. From the highest peak, Hillaby
(340 m above sea level), the land surface is lowered to the
west in wave-shaped steps, while the eastern part is a hilly
highland with a steep coast. Otherwise, the coast includes
several sand bays and is mostly surrounded by coral reefs.
COUNTRYAAH, the climate is mild and pleasant; the temperature stays
between 22 and 30 °C, making the island a popular tourist
destination. The rainfall is about 1,500 mm per year and
falls during the rainy season in June to December. The rest
of the year is dry time. The proximity to the Caribbean
cyclone belt causes storms to sometimes cause great damage.
Very little of the original plant world remains and half
of the island's area is occupied by sugar cane plantations.
Some tropical, planted trees and flowering shrubs provide
color splendor to the landscape. Of mammals, only bats are
native. Wild rabbit, green market and mungo have been
introduced to the island.
Barbados in 2009 had 13 areas under conservation, of
which one was a national park.