On a nearly 100 km stretch, Brunei has a coastal plain
within a coral coast with sandy beach. The western part of
the country consists of the two rivers Belaits and Tutong's
flat river plains. Further inland, the terrain is nice and
reaches up to 500 m above sea level. The eastern, narrower
part includes mostly the Temburong river basin, which begins
in a mountainous country (900 m above sea level) and
traverses a wooded area.
The climate is humid tropical type, where the temperature
varies between 24 and 30 ～ C and the rainfall exceeds 2,500
mm per year, especially inland.
COUNTRYAAH, more than 3/4 of the land area is covered by forest, and
only 2% are cultivable. Wildlife is rich and varied with
several species of monkeys, birds, lizards and snakes.
In 2010, there were two national parks in Brunei; Ulu
Temburong and Tasek Merimbun.
Brunei - Bandar Seri Begawan
Bandar Seri Begawan
Baʹndar Seriʹ Begaʹwan, until 1970 Brunei Town, capital of the
Sultanate of Brunei; 33,700 residents (2010). Bandar Seri Begawan is located on
the northwest coast of Borneo, has a harbor on the Brunei River, near its outlet
in the South China Sea, and is a trade center for agricultural products. The
city was severely damaged during World War II, but has been rebuilt with, among
other things, new regency palace, Far East's largest mosque and international
airport. The Kampong Ayer area, with almost half of the city's population,
consists of villages built on piles in the river.