Terrain shapes and bedrock
COUNTRYAAH, Honduras in the north has a long stretch of coast towards
the Caribbean and in the south a very short coast towards
the Pacific. Most of the area in between is a highland; a
long and narrow coastal plain in the north constitutes a
well-defined region. However, the lowland extends far south
in the valleys of the three major rivers, Ulúa, Aguán and
Patuca. The eastern part of the coastal plain, Mosquitia,
which extends far into Nicaragua, is wider and is occupied
by swamps and lagoons, of which the Caratascalagun is the
The highland area occupies three-quarters of Honduras'
entire area and consists of a series of east-west ridges as
well as plateaus of 1,000-2,000 meters above sea level. The
mountains of Honduras are outside the most active zone for
volcanism and earthquakes. The southern boundary chain is
mostly made up of young volcanic material and the highest
peaks are extinct volcanoes. The northern Rand Mountains
consist of older, crystalline rocks as well as formations
from Paleozoic and Mesozoic. The plateaus are raised pen
The coastal plain in the south is covered by alluvial
deposits. It is drained by the river Choluteca that flows
into the Bay of Fonseca.
Honduras location between 13 ° and 16 ° north latitude
causes tropical rainforest climate. The proximity to the sea
provides high humidity and pressure heat. The area closest
to the coast to the north has a precipitation of 2,000–3,000
mm per year and an average temperature of 26–28 °C. In the
Inner Highlands, the climate is cooler, 19-23 °C, and
drier. The coastal plain in the south lies in the shelter of
the northeastern pass, which is dominant most of the year,
and has a warm savannah climate.
About 60% of the country's area is wooded. About 55% of
the forest area consists of moist, rich rainforests; these
are mainly found on the Caribbean side of the lower mountain
slopes. The plain below houses, among other things. tree saw
with Caribbean pine (Piʹnus caribaea [-bɛ: ʹa]).
The coast is largely occupied by swamp areas and mangrove
forests. In the higher mountain areas there are lush oak
pine forests, dry deciduous forests and grassy areas,
depending on rainfall and human impact. The mountain slopes
and the plains below on the Pacific side were originally
covered by dry deciduous forests, now to a considerable
extent pasture or cultivation. There are also some mangrove
forests along the Pacific coast.
Among mammals in Honduras include puma, jaguar, ozelot,
white-nosed coati (Na'sua na'rica), Baird's Tapir (Tapi'rus
bai'rdi), halsbandspekari, white-tailed deer, red
spider (A'teles geoffroyi [-rɔ in 'i]),
major kapucin (Ce'bus capuci'nus) and niobanded
belt (Daʹsypus novemciʹnctus).
In the bird fauna, you can see parrots, hummingbirds,
trogons, counter-moths, tyrant flycatchers and tangaras, and
during migration times many North American species. The frog
and herbivorous fauna are rich in, among other things. many
species of toothpicks, deciduous frogs and iguanas, as well
as lace crocodile (Crocodyʹlus acuʹtus), morelet
crocodile (Crocodylus moreleʹtii) and eyeglasses.
The freshwater fish fauna is surprisingly poor species, the
insect fauna on the other hand very rich.
In 2011, Honduras had 17 national parks, including two
marinas. There were a large number of nature and wildlife
reserves in the country. During the 00s, Honduras has tried
to follow Costa Rica's example and invested a great deal to
emerge as a destination for ecotourism.