Terrain shapes and bedrock
COUNTRYAAH, the Maldives are made up of a wide range of coral
islands, located on the deep-sea spine of the Maldives. The
individual islands have been built on volcanic canoes and
volcanic ridges that have slowly subsided. Coral colonies
have been established when lowered to or slightly below the
surface of the water. The nearly 1,800 individual islands
and banks are often grouped together. From the 19 major
atolls in the south, the large Suvadiva toll is separated
through the One and a half degree channel. Between this
atoll and the southernmost, the Adduatoll, is the Equator
Canal. All the islands are very low, 2-6 m above sea level,
but they are protected from the onslaught by sea waves
through ring reefs and barrier reefs. The coral lime gives
rise to restricted areas with good soil, and sources provide
some freshwater supplementation.
The location of the Maldives just next to the equator and
near India gives the islands a tropical rainforest climate
with monsoon character. Rainy season falls during May -
August, when the southwest monsoon prevails. During the
December - March dry season, the northeast monsoon
introduces relatively dry air over the islands. On average,
there is 2 100 mm of precipitation per year, and the average
temperature stays around 27 ～ C throughout the year.
The Maldives has a flora similar to that of Ceylon and
along the coast of southern India. However, the landscape is
very culturally influenced, and herbs are preferable to
those with widespread use in warmer countries. Especially
among the trees are coconut palm, wild almond (Terminaʹlia
cataʹppa), tamarind and the beautiful yellow-flowering
Hibiʹscus tiliaʹceus. In some places, there are
frequent strings dominated by, among other things.
pandanaceae. In protected lagoons there is some mangrove
vegetation of the genus Bruguieʹra.
The rather isolated location of the islands means that
the higher wildlife is poor. The only native mammals are
bats, among others. the flying dog species badul (Pteʹropus
giganteʹus) and Pteropus hypomeʹlanus. Bird
life is also poor, with only a few species of land birds.
Even among seabirds, the number of nesting species is low
compared to many other islands in the Indian Ocean. Among
the breeding species are audubon lira (Puffiʹnus
lherminieʹri), white-tailed tropical bird (Phaʹethon
leptuʹrus), smaller frigate bird (Fregaʹta aʹriel),
cotyledon and long-billed nodal tern (Aʹnous
Crustaceans are represented by geckos, including tokai,
as well as several species of sea turtles, which lay eggs on
undisturbed sandy beaches. Several of the islands have coral
reefs with rich wildlife.
The Maldives had no nature-protected areas in 2010.