The islands are part of a volcanic arch. According to
COUNTRYAAH, the highest
mountain is Soufrière in the northern part of Saint Vincent,
which is an active volcano and reaches up to 1,234 m. The
last eruption occurred in 1979 and caused great damage. The
rivers from this and the other mountains are made up of
short, short streams that cut through the dense forest. The
coasts have coral reefs and dazzling white sand beaches.
The islands have a warm and humid tropical climate. The
average annual temperature in Kingstown is 27 °C. The
mountain areas receive up to 4,000 mm of rain per year; the
corresponding figures for the coastal areas are 1,500 and
2,000 mm. Characteristic plants in the lush vegetation are
hibiscus and various palm trees.
In 2009, there were six protected areas in Saint Vincent
and the Grenadines. The St. Vincent Parrot Reserve (44 km2)
was set aside to protect the endemic parrot species Saint
Vincent amazon (Amazoʹna guildiʹngii) which is the
country's national symbol.