Terrain shapes and bedrock
COUNTRYAAH, the individual islands lie in two parallel rows in the
northwest – southeast direction. They form part of a larger
volcanic arch extending from the east of New Guinea to
Vanuatu. The highest of the islands is Guadalcanal with the
top Makarakomburu, 2,447 m asl. Other islands with peaks
above 1,000 m above sea level. are Kolombangara, Malaita,
San Cristóbal and Santa Isabel.
The surface of the islands is usually mountainous and
uneven with volcanic craters, lavor and toughness. Some
volcanoes have frequent eruptions, hot springs and solar
faults. Earthquakes are common. Many of the islands have
wide coastal plains, and coral reefs are found along most.
Solomon Islands has a tropical rainforest climate.
Temperature, humidity and rainfall do not vary much during
the year; however, rainfall is lower during June –
September. The Southeast Passage provides the majority of
precipitation, about 3,000–3,500 mm per year. The average
monthly temperature is around 27 °C throughout the year,
and it is rarely warmer than 32 °C.
Plant-and animal life
On the larger islands, especially in mountainous regions,
there are still untouched rainforests. Often, however, the
forest is shredded and replaced by a savannah-like landscape
with alang-alang grass. In coastal areas and inland of
smaller islands, vegetation is mostly bushland, most often
the sea is coconut palm or mangrove. Especially in
watercourses, screw palms are a tangible feature. Coral
reefs are found around most islands.
The mammalian fauna comprises about ten species of moths
and about 30 species of bats, among others. several species
of flying dogs. About 130 species of land birds nest on the
Solomon Islands; at least 15 of the approximately 40 endemic
species now have very small populations. Among the
approximately 70 species of reptiles are the delta crocodile
(rare on the coasts of most islands), giant ham (Coruʹcia
zebraʹta), the Pacific species (Varaʹnus iʹndicus),
wormworms and fijiboor (Candoia [-do i
The Solomon Islands in 2011 had a national park, Queen
Elizabeth National Park.
The Solomon Islands consist of eight larger volcanic
islands that form two parallel chains in the northwest –
southeast direction. In addition, there are a whole host of
smaller islands and atolls. The larger islands are
mountainous, and the highest mountain is Makarakomburu (2447
meters) on the main island of Guadalcanal.
Equatorial climate with only small seasonal variations.
The average temperature for Honiara is 27 ° C, and there is
less than 1 degree difference in the warmest and coldest
months. 2000-3000 mm annual rainfall. The southeastern
islands are exposed to cyclones (tropical low pressure).
Plant and wildlife in the Solomon Islands
There are still rainforests on the largest islands.
However, most of the forest has been removed and replaced by
a grass-like savannah landscape. Along the coast and on
smaller islands the vegetation consists of shrubland, with
mangroves and coconut trees closest to the sea. Along the
watercourses, screw palm trees often grow.
54 mammal species from three orders: bats, rodents and
marsupials (a couscous). Many native (endemic), including
more than 10 bats and three large nude rats that climb trees
and eat coconuts. The marine mammals include dugong (sea
cow) and several whales, i.a. humpback whales.
The bird life is very species rich to be island fauna.
285 bird species have been observed. As many as 70 of these
are native, including. brown-tailed eagle, mermaid hawk,
white-headed pigeon, fighting owl, 5 fan tails and 10
monarchs. Many similarities to New Guinea and Northern
Australia's bird fauna: Oven hen, frog mouth, parrots and
fruit pigeons. Of the seabirds are tropical birds, silkets
70 reptiles, including 5 sea turtles and at least 20
snakes, several of which are poisonous. The lizards are
represented by varans, geckos and hams, several native. The
Delta Crocodile has been subjected to heavy hunting
pressure, only 200 remaining individuals in three locations.
More than 20 amphibians, including frogs in the genus Rana.
Among invertebrates are 130 day butterflies (35 native) and
toxic species such as school openers and scorpions.