Chile – landmarks
Chile is an interesting country with a multitude of different sights and attractions. It is definitely worth spending your vacation here, as it will certainly not be boring. Visit computerdo for Chile Journey of Discovery Through the Altiplano.
Chile is simply the best choice, especially for nature lovers. Due to the length of 4000 kilometers, Chile has a lot of different vegetation zones. Very little washes in the part of the Atacama Desert. There is a pronounced fauna only near the coasts and the Andes. But there are many different types of cacti, succulents and dwarf shrubs to be seen in the Atacama Desert. Especially after a rainfall, you should visit the Atacama Desert. Afterwards, it is covered with millions of flowers for a few days.
To the south from the desert is the steppe of the country, simply a very dry grassland. In the Andes you can see the very tough Yareta. The Boldo shrub can be found more and more in the dry regions of Chile. In the coastal areas, as well as in the Andes, there are many cloud forests in which one can undertake long and relaxing hikes or walks.
Anyone traveling in the area of the Rio Elqui should visit the various wine-growing regions. The most delicious wines can be tasted here. But it is also worth visiting one of the numerous large eucalyptus plantations. There are also some national parks in the country such as the Torres del Paine National Park, the Parque Vilches, the Lauca National Park, the Bernardo O’Higgins National Park and the Rapa Nui National Park, which is located on the Easter Island. In Chile, eight areas have already been declared biological reserves by UNESCO.
But the fauna of Chile is also absolutely unique. Here you can experience a wide variety of animal families. From guanacos, vicuñas, the Andenkontor to the chinchilla, there is everything to see.
If you are not afraid of the cold, you should take a look at the largest glacier in South America, the Campo de Hielo Sur, which is located in Chile. But Easter Island and the Juan Fernandez Islands should also be seen. The Easter Islands are particularly interesting from an archaeological point of view.
There are three places in Chile that have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. There are the wooden churches in the Chileo National Park, the historic port district of the city of Valparaiso and also the Humberstone and Santa Laura saltpeter works in the Atacama Desert.
Those interested in museums and historical places will find the largest number centered in the cities of Santiago de Chile, Concepcion and Valpariso. But there are also many monuments spread across the country that were built long before the time of the Spanish colonization.
Other sights would be the Ascensores, which are over 100 years old cable cars in Valparaiso that go from the harbor to the city’s balcony.
But it is also worth making a detour to the penguin colonies, which are right next to the Punta Arenas. But also a detour to the Valle del Elqui, the evergreen river oas located in the semi-desert near La Serena, should not be missed. Above all, the river oasis attracts a large number of UFO believers, star gazers and sun worshipers.
Valle de la Luna is something special. This is a strange looking rock structure and sand dunes in the Atacama Desert.
Those who love the hustle and bustle should take a look at the Mercado Central. Here you can find sumptuous delights in the hustle and bustle of the market halls of Santiago. If you come from Germany and don’t want to miss your Black Forest cake, you should take a detour to Lake lLianquihue. The great-grandchildren of German residents who came to Chile live here. Those who love adventure can explore the Carretera Ausral, a lonely gravel road from Coihaique in the jungle of Patagonia. Skiing is also possible in Chile in the Termas de Chillan. You can also hike here. The best thing here is that you can then relax in the thermal baths at Conoepeion.
The Chuquicamata copper mines near Calama are the largest hole in the world and are considered Chile’s red gold.
The Tatio geysers are an absolutely fantastic sight. At sunrise, a steam fountain over four kilometers high shoots out of the ground near San Pedro de Atacama.
Topography map of Chile
Characteristic for Chile is its extraordinarily elongated national territory, in which different climatic and vegetation areas have a share. The central zone (Valle Central) with fertile volcanic soils is naturally the most favorable region.
The surface of Chile is predominantly mountainous. In the east, the mountain wall of the ” Cordillera de los Andes “, as the Chileans say, the main cordillera, rises up. It rises to around 7,000 m and gradually decreases towards the south. In the West, “parallel thereto Cordillera de la Costa,” the coastal mountain, m with heights up to 2,000. Between these two mountain ranges is as digging the Chilean longitudinal valley (” Valle longitudinally “). While the coast in the north is steep and difficult to access, the coastal area of central Chile has flat sandy beaches. To the south, the Cordillera dissolves into many mountainous islands, into which the fjords reach far.
In the course of the earth’s history, the Andes were formed through shifts in the earth’s rock crust. The west side of the South American plate pushes against the Pacific plate, which is pushed underground. Rock melted in the depths pushes to the surface of the earth and provides the material for the numerous volcanoes in the Andes. Chile has more than 100 active volcanoes in the Andes, of which the Lullaillaco, southeast of Antofagasta, reaches 6,739 m. The earthquakes, which hit Chile again and again, also speak for the movements in the earth’s crust. It comes less to folding and more to fractures when large parts of the mountain are displaced. The two mountain ranges in Chile were created by the collapse of the long valley.
Chile can be subdivided into the ” Great North “, ” Central Chile ” and the ” Great South ” according to the customary designation. The great north with the provinces of Tarapaca and Antofagasta is the area of the desert. The Atacama Desert is one of the driest areas on earth. The big south begins at the island of Chiloé. Forests, moors and lakes characterize the almost deserted area.
Central Chile lies between these two regions. The northern part of central Chile consists of semi-desert, the southern part is forested. The Andes, which are between 2,000 and 4,000 m high here, show Ice Age forms below the snow line with lakes and mountain ranges covered with deciduous forests.