Japan Population

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Japan is 125,507,472, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 125,507,472
Population growth rate -0.27%
Birth rate 7.70 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 84.19 years
Men life expectancy 80.85 years
Women life expectancy 87.71 years
Age structure
0-14 years 12.71%
15-64 years 58.92%
65 years and above 28.38%
Median age 46.50 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.95
Population density 332.11 residents per km²
Urbanization 65.40%
Japanese – last census 2015 (preliminary): 127,110,047 residents – over 99% Japanese, 25,000-200,000 Ainu (natives) on Hokkaido
Followers of both Shinto and Buddhism Buddhists 84%, Others 16% (including 0.7% Christians)
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.915
HDI ranking 19th out of 194

People in Japan

The population of the Japanese islands is very uniform compared to other Southeast Asian countries. This is also due to Japan’s island location. There was no steady immigration as on the mainland, so that in Japan there were hardly any ethnic groups. In the north of the island of Hokkaido there is still the Ainu tribe, which is very old and belongs to the indigenous population of the island.

Japan is one of the most populous countries in the world. Since the country is very mountainous, most of the people settle in the plains around the mountains. The population density is very high. Most people have their home in the Tokyo area and in other large cities, such as Nagoya and Osaka. Far fewer people live on the island of Hokkaido in northern Japan. Almost half of the 127 million Japanese live in large cities.

127 million people live in Japan, but the population is shrinking. It’s always bad for a country. Every woman in Japan has an average of 1.4 children, but to keep this level it needs 2.1 children per woman. Japan is the tenth largest country in the world. But right now more Japanese are dying than are being born. And the imbalance cannot be absorbed by immigration, because not as many people immigrate to Japan as to Germany.

Minorities in Japan

Ethnic minorities also live in Japan, and they often face difficulties. There are many people who come from Korea themselves or their ancestors and who did not necessarily come to Japan voluntarily. These often do not even seek Japanese citizenship.

There are also immigrants from South America of Japanese origin. These are the descendants of the Japanese who emigrated to Brazil and Peru towards the end of the 19th century, for example, and who returned after a while. These are considered foreigners and often face disadvantages.

Burakumin descendants are also despised. These are people who were born in Japan but had a job that was considered “inferior” in Japan. Professional groups such as animal slaughterers were just as much a part of this as midwives, but also actors and the homeless. However, the discrimination against these people has decreased today.

Languages in Japan

Most Japanese speak Japanese. Exactly where Japanese comes from has not yet been clarified. However, Japanese is similar to Korean, so that it is assumed that the two languages ​​are related. A common language was probably the origin of both languages.

The Japanese language was initially just a spoken language and was probably not recorded until the 7th century. The script was “borrowed” from Chinese. Today, according to tradition, people write in columns, but there are also writings that, like us, were written from left to right.

Religions in Japan

Most of the Japanese are followers of Buddhism and Shintoism. Shintoism is a natural religion that is almost only found in Japan. His followers worship nature and at the same time many gods. In practice, these two religions often mix with one another. The Japanese go to the temples typical of Buddhism, but also visit Shinto shrines. Many Japanese cannot give a clear answer to the question of whether they are Buddhist or Shintoist.

Japan Overview

Japan, an island nation in the Pacific Ocean, is known for its blend of ancient traditions and cutting-edge technology. It comprises four main islands—Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku. Japan is famous for its significant contributions to arts, including tea ceremonies, calligraphy, and martial arts, as well as its pop culture phenomena such as anime and manga. Tokyo, its capital, is a bustling metropolis known for its skyscrapers and vibrant pop culture scene. Japan also boasts stunning natural beauty, from the cherry blossoms of spring to the sacred Mount Fuji.

State Facts of Japan:

  • Capital City: Tokyo
  • Population: Approximately 126 million
  • Area: Approximately 377,975 square kilometers
  • Full Country Name: Japan
  • Currency: Japanese Yen (JPY)
  • Language: Japanese
  • ISO Country Codes: JP, JPN, 392

Bordering Countries of Japan

Japan is an island nation located in the Pacific Ocean and is bordered by four countries, China, South Korea, Russia and North Korea. It has a total land boundary of 1,945 km which includes 909 km with China, 206 km with South Korea, 19 km with Russia and 811 km with North Korea.

Japan borders China in its western region where a line drawn between its Yamaguchi Prefecture and China’s Liaoning Province forms their shared border. The two countries have had strong ties since 1972 when they established diplomatic relations and have since worked towards strengthening their relationship through joint initiatives such as infrastructure projects within their shared boundaries.

To Japan’s south lies South Korea; this border is formed by a line drawn between Japan’s Tsushima Island and South Korea’s Jeju Island. The two countries have had friendly relations since 1965 when they signed a treaty of basic relations but have since worked towards improving their ties through economic cooperation such as joint energy projects within their shared boundaries.

Japan also shares maritime borders with Russia to its north; this border is formed by a line drawn between Japan’s Hokkaido Prefecture and Russia’s Sakhalin Oblast. Despite having tense relations at times due to territorial disputes over fishing rights within their shared waters, both countries have been working together for years now on issues such as marine conservation projects within their shared coasts.

Finally, Japan shares maritime borders with North Korea to its west; this border is formed by a line drawn between Japan’s Tsushima Island and North Korea’s Hwanghae-bukto Province. Despite having tense relations due to the abduction of Japanese nationals by North Korean agents during the 1970s-80s, both countries have been working together for years now on issues such as disaster relief projects within their shared coasts.



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