In order to protect Sweden from invasions by foreign fleets and to put an end to the looting of which cities such as Sigtuna on Lake Mälaren were victims. Under the influence of Magnus Ladulás, Stockholm prospers thanks to its commercial relations with Lubeck. It is then part of the Hanseatic League.
In 1270, Stockholm was described in documents as a true city, and in 1289 it was already the largest city in Sweden. The first reliable estimate of its population dates back to the 15th century.
There were then about a thousand heads of families, which was equivalent to about five to six thousand residents. In 1350, the city knows an episode of Black Death, with devastating consequences.
At the end of 1419 it was proclaimed the capital of Sweden. Its strategic position, as well as its economic weight, make it an important place in the relations between the Danish kingdoms of the Kalmar Union and the Swedish independence movement during the 15th century.
According to Zipcodesexplorer, there were numerous battles, most notably the Battle of Brunkeberg won in 1471 by Sten Sture the Elder against the King of Denmark Christian I, and the Stockholm Bloodbath which will take place in 1520 by Christian II of Denmark, which would end the Union from Kalmar.
In 1521, Gustavo Vasa made his entry into Stockholm and signaled the beginning of a new era for Sweden. The city grows and extends beyond Stadsholmen on Södermalm and Norrmalm. In 1600, it already has about twelve thousand residents.
In the seventeenth century Stockholm was already a major European city. Between 1610 and 1680 its population multiplied by six. Ladugårdslandet, currently named Östermalm, as well as the island of Kungsholmen, are at that time absorbed by the city.
In 1628, during the reign of Gustav II Adolf, the warship Vasa capsized in Stockholm. In the same year, the rules that give Stockholm a monopoly on exchanges between foreign traders and Scandinavian territories are established.
At this time, numerous castles and palaces were built for the nobles, among which are the House of Nobility (Riddarhuset) and in the 18th century the Royal Palace.
After the Great Northern War, which would lead to the partial destruction of the city, Stockholm sees its growth begin to decline. It retains, however, its role as the political capital of Sweden, and under the reign of Gustav III of Sweden affirms its cultural superiority. The Royal Opera is a good example of the architecture of this era.
During the 20th century, Stockholm rehabilitated a large part of its center, which had narrow, curved streets that posed problems as traffic increased. The municipal authorities here prohibited the renovation of the buildings, especially those that comprise the area near the Central Station.
The Stockholm Metro was built from 1950, and the Kista district has become an important center for new technologies. In 1986 Prime Minister Olof Palme died after being shot down in the middle of the street, and in 2003 Foreign Minister Anna Lindh was assassinated in the Nordiska Kompaniet department store.
Stockholm Education provides information on the various schools and universities in the city. Various courses are offered at educational institutions in Stockholm.
There is also the Stockholm International School. This school was formerly known as the Angla-American school. Mrs. Gisela Dietze appointed this educational institute in 1951. A number of subjects are taught at this school.
The Stockholm School of Economics is one of the notable universities in Stockholm. Students can pursue management degrees, graduation and PhD programs from this reputed Stockholm educational institution. This university is a private institution and was established in 1909 in Stockholm.
The Royal Institute of Technology is one of the best universities in Sweden offering technical education to students. Karolinska Institutet is a medical university set near Stockholm, in Solna.
Karolinska University Hospital is linked with this educational institute. They established the institute in 1810 which is one of the most reputable institutions in Stockholm, to pursue higher studies.
The Swedish National Academy of Mime and Acting provides courses in acting. At this institute, students can take Temporary Program and Mime Temporary Courses. Another important academic institution in Stockholm is the University of Stockholm.
Name of Stockholm in other languages
- Stockholm in Swedish (where the ‘h’ is silent in this case)
- Holmia in latin
- Tukholma in Finnish
- Stoccolma in Italian
- Sztokholm in Polish
- Stokgolm (Стокгольм) in Russian
In French, English and German the name of the city is written in the same way as in Swedish, although the pronunciation differs.