Type of Mortar for Tile

The mortar is essential for any construction. The mixture of water, cement and sand is capable of joining waterproof materials or plain surfaces. But beware that there is a specific ideal mortar for each job. Meet the following types:

Let’s start from structural mortars, which deal with masonry, waterproofing and application in newly built walls and ceilings, divided into three types:

Mortar for settlement: used to connect blocks and bricks in masonry services. It is applied with a trowel or tubes.

Waterproofing mortar protects walls and ceilings, waterproof.

Type of Mortar for Tile

Mortar for coating : applied on the newly constructed surfaces such as walls or ceilings. Here, the grout has the function of covering, protecting and leveling structure. In this step requires 2 to 3 layers which fulfill different roles:

  1. The first layer is the basis of all the coating and is best known as roughcast. This is the most basic level of the mortar coating, which prevents other layers to peel off.
  2. The second is called plaster, which regulates, fills holes, levels or adds relief to the surface.
  3. The third is considered optional, but gives an aesthetic difference to your project. It is popular plaster.
  4. At the time of purchase, to understand the types of mortar, you need to know the name of the 4 types of material, according to its application:

Type of Mortar for Tile 3

AC-1: Used in interior projects, with the exception of applications in saunas, greenhouses, spa and surfaces with different finishes according to healthvv.

AC-2: Used in external projects, with adhesion characteristics resistant to rain, wind and loads.

AC-3: The toughest of all. It has a higher adhesion and resistance between the adhesive materials and coatings. Recommended for use on facades, saunas, swimming pools and spaces of the kind that do not receive direct sunlight.

AC-3E: Ideal for cases in direct sunlight. It combines the characteristics of the types 1 and 2 with longer healing.

Type of Mortar for Tile 2

You will find it in the dry versions- powder that needs to be mixed with water in the work or polymeric paste, ready for application.

And what is the ideal mortar for laying porcelain tiles, ceramic and granite? The webpage explains:

For fixing porcelain: for ideal parts up to 60 × 60 cm, opt for white mortar (AC-2 ). Largest porcelain tiles can count on more resistant mortars as AC-3, with care to avoid spaces painted, waxed and humid, which decrease the adhesion. It is necessary to remove excess mortar before grouting.

For laying of ceramic: AC-1 mortars, AC-2 and AC-3 are the most recommended, in gray or white.

Type of Mortar for Tile 1

To granite settlement: AC-2 on surfaces that do not receive paint. AC-3 in all cases.

Now that you understand the different functions, applications and types of mortar available, it’s time to know the consumption in each square meter: It is estimated the proportion of 4 kg of mortar per m2. Measure the room before making the purchase and calculate all the necessary layers for each surface.

Tags: mortar types, settlement mortar, waterproof mortar, coating mortar

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