Japan Gardening

Japan is an archipelago consisting of four main islands: Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, along with thousands of smaller islands. located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Korean Peninsula and China, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south.


Japan’s geography is diverse, featuring mountainous terrain, dense forests, and a rugged coastline. The climate varies from subtropical in the south to temperate in the north. The country experiences four distinct seasons, with hot summers and cold winters.


Japan’s climate is influenced by its location and topography. The northern regions experience long, cold winters and short, mild summers, while the southern parts have a subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and mild winters.


Japan boasts a rich diversity of flora and fauna. Its forests are home to various species of deer, monkeys, bears, and birds. The surrounding seas teem with marine life, including dolphins, whales, and various species of fish.

Longest Rivers

The longest river in Japan is the Shinano River, flowing through the central region of Honshu Island. Other major rivers include the Tone, Ishikari, and Kitakami rivers.

Highest Mountains

Mount Fuji, an iconic symbol of Japan, stands as its highest peak at 3,776 meters (12,389 feet) above sea level. Other prominent mountains include Mount Tateyama, Mount Yari, and Mount Hotaka.


Japan’s history spans thousands of years, from ancient times to its emergence as a modern nation-state.


The Japanese archipelago was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, with evidence of hunter-gatherer societies dating back over 30,000 years. These early inhabitants developed a distinct culture, known as the Jomon culture, characterized by their pottery and hunter-gatherer lifestyle.

Ancient Period

The Yayoi period, starting around 300 BCE, marked the introduction of rice cultivation, metalworking, and the establishment of permanent settlements. This period saw the influx of new technologies and cultural practices from the Asian mainland.

Feudal Era

The feudal era in Japan began in the 12th century with the rise of the samurai warrior class and the establishment of feudal domains ruled by powerful warlords known as daimyo. This period was marked by internal strife, with intermittent periods of unity under powerful shoguns.


In the 19th century, Japan underwent rapid modernization and industrialization, following the Meiji Restoration in 1868. The country adopted Western technologies and practices, transforming itself into a modern nation-state and emerging as a regional and global power.

World War II and Postwar Reconstruction

Japan’s involvement in World War II ended with its defeat in 1945. The country underwent a period of occupation by Allied forces and embarked on a path of postwar reconstruction and economic recovery. Through resilience and innovation, Japan rebuilt its economy and emerged as one of the world’s leading industrial nations.

Contemporary Japan

Today, Japan is known for its technological advancements, vibrant pop culture, and rich cultural heritage. It maintains a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government and plays a significant role in global affairs.


Japan has a population of approximately 126 million people, making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. The majority of the population is concentrated in urban areas, with Tokyo being the largest city.

Administrative Divisions

Japan is divided into 47 prefectures, each with its own governor and assembly. These prefectures are further subdivided into municipalities, including cities, towns, and villages. The population of each prefecture varies, with Tokyo Prefecture being the most populous.

List of Administrative Divisions with Population

  1. Tokyo Prefecture – Population: 13,515,271
  2. Kanagawa Prefecture – Population: 9,226,655
  3. Osaka Prefecture – Population: 8,823,358
  4. Aichi Prefecture – Population: 7,552,873
  5. Saitama Prefecture – Population: 7,420,858
  6. Chiba Prefecture – Population: 6,278,060
  7. Hyogo Prefecture – Population: 5,469,762
  8. Hokkaido Prefecture – Population: 5,281,234
  9. Fukuoka Prefecture – Population: 5,107,607
  10. Shizuoka Prefecture – Population: 3,637,063

10 Largest Cities by Population

  1. Tokyo
  2. Yokohama
  3. Osaka
  4. Nagoya
  5. Sapporo
  6. Fukuoka
  7. Kobe
  8. Kawasaki
  9. Kyoto
  10. Saitama

Education Systems

Japan’s education system is highly regarded for its quality and rigor. Education is compulsory for children from ages 6 to 15, and is mostly free through junior high school. Japan is home to several top universities, including the University of Tokyo, Kyoto University, and Osaka University.


Japan has a well-developed transportation infrastructure, including airports, railways, highways, and ports.


Japan has numerous airports, with major ones including Narita International Airport, Haneda Airport (Tokyo), Kansai International Airport (Osaka), Chubu Centrair International Airport (Nagoya), and Fukuoka Airport.


Japan’s railway network is extensive, with the famous Shinkansen (bullet train) connecting major cities. The total length of Japan’s railways is approximately 27,182 kilometers.


Japan has an extensive network of highways, totaling around 1.2 million kilometers in length. Major highways include the Tomei Expressway, Chuo Expressway, and Hanshin Expressway.


Japan has several major ports, including Yokohama, Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya, and Kobe, which play a crucial role in international trade and commerce.

Country Facts

  • Population: 126 million
  • Capital: Tokyo
  • Language: Japanese
  • Religion: Shintoism, Buddhism
  • Race: Predominantly Japanese
  • Currency: Japanese Yen (JPY)
  • ISO Country Codes: JP
  • International Calling Code: +81
  • Top-level Domain: .jp