Geography of Cumberland County, Maine

Geography of Cumberland County, Maine

Cumberland County, located in the southwestern part of Maine, is a region of diverse landscapes, rugged coastline, and vibrant communities. Encompassing approximately 1,216 square miles, the county is known for its rocky shores, rolling hills, pristine lakes, and historic towns. In this comprehensive exploration, we delve into the intricate details of Cumberland County’s geography, including its climate, rivers, lakes, and notable landmarks.

Geographical Features:

According to historyaah, Cumberland County’s landscape is characterized by its varied topography, which includes coastal plains, forested hills, and inland lakes. The county is situated within the Atlantic Coastal Plain region of Maine, which extends along the state’s coastline and is known for its sandy beaches, rocky shores, and scenic islands.

The southern part of Cumberland County is dominated by the Casco Bay region, which features numerous islands, peninsulas, and tidal marshes. The northern part of the county is characterized by the rolling hills and forests of the Maine Highlands, which offer stunning views of the surrounding countryside.


Cumberland County experiences a humid continental climate, with four distinct seasons characterized by warm summers and cold winters. The region’s climate is influenced by its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, which moderates temperatures and brings moisture-laden air masses that can result in significant precipitation.

Summer temperatures in Cumberland County can be mild, with highs averaging in the 70s°F to 80s°F (21-27°C), while winter temperatures are cold, with highs averaging in the 20s°F to 30s°F (-6 to -1°C) and lows often dropping below freezing. The county receives moderate precipitation throughout the year, with slightly higher amounts in the spring and fall.

Rivers and Waterways:

Cumberland County is intersected by several rivers and waterways that flow through its scenic landscapes, providing vital habitats for wildlife and offering opportunities for fishing, boating, and recreational activities. The Presumpscot River, one of the county’s major waterways, meanders through the southern part of the region, providing access to Casco Bay and the surrounding wetlands.

In addition to the Presumpscot River, Cumberland County is home to several other notable rivers and streams, including the Royal River, the Fore River, and the Saco River. These waterways not only support local ecosystems but also play a vital role in transportation, recreation, and the region’s economy.

Lakes and Reservoirs:

Cumberland County is dotted with numerous lakes and reservoirs, which offer scenic beauty and recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike. Sebago Lake, located in the western part of the county, is one of the largest lakes in Maine and a popular destination for fishing, boating, and water sports.

In addition to Sebago Lake, Cumberland County is home to several other picturesque lakes and reservoirs, including Long Lake, Panther Pond, and Highland Lake. These water bodies provide tranquil settings for swimming, picnicking, and wildlife viewing, surrounded by the county’s natural beauty and scenic landscapes.

Notable Landmarks:

Beyond its natural features, Cumberland County boasts several notable landmarks and attractions that showcase its rich history and cultural heritage. Portland, the county seat, is home to the Portland Head Light, a historic lighthouse located at Cape Elizabeth. The lighthouse, which dates back to 1791, is one of the oldest in the United States and a popular tourist destination, offering stunning views of the surrounding coastline.

Another iconic landmark in Cumberland County is the Old Port district in downtown Portland. The district features cobblestone streets, historic buildings, and a vibrant mix of shops, galleries, restaurants, and entertainment venues, making it a popular destination for locals and visitors alike.

In conclusion, Cumberland County, Maine, offers a captivating blend of natural beauty, outdoor recreation, and cultural heritage. From its rugged coastline and scenic lakes to its historic lighthouses and vibrant downtowns, the county’s geography reflects the timeless allure of coastal New England. Whether exploring its picturesque landscapes, sampling its fresh seafood, or discovering its rich maritime history, Cumberland County invites visitors to experience the charm and beauty of Maine’s southwestern coast.