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Geography of Dominica


According to COUNTRYAAH, Dominica is a mountainous island of volcanic origin. The most prominent terrain feature is a north-south ridge that runs throughout the country except the middle part, where it is interrupted by a plain. The highest peak is Diablotin (1,447 m above sea level), which lies to the north, while Trois Pitons (1,387 m ash) and Wattbergen (1,224 m ash) are located in the southern part of the ridge. The volcanic nature of the island is expressed in several hot springs and sulfur fields as well as Lake Boiling Lake (in the southern part of the island, 710 m above sea level), whose water surface occasionally rises one meter due to the pressure from the outgoing gases.

Geography of Dominica

A large number of rivers for the abundant rainfall into the sea. The central plain is thus drained by the rivers Layou to the west and Pagua and Castle Bruce to the east.

The soil is fertile and the vegetation is still mainly tropical rainforest. The two parrots emperor amazon (Amazona imperialis) and red-necked amazon (Amazona arausiaca) are endemic in Dominica's mountain rainforests. The temperature during the cooler season, December to March, averages 25 C and during the warmer part of the year 32 C. Dry season prevails during February to May, while the rainy season in June to October gives large amounts of rainfall. During the year, an average of 6 250 mm of rain falls in the mountain regions and 1 750 mm along the coast.

Nature conservation

In 2010, the country had three national parks. The largest of these is Morne Trois Pitons, who is also a World Heritage Site.

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