Terrain forms, bedrock and climate
The nature of the country is determined entirely by its
geographical location in the western branch of the East
African burial zone. The land surface is thus an elevated
horst plateau on the eastern side of the Tanganyika tomb,
sloping to the east and southeast from 2,000 to 1,500 m
above sea level. The plateau holds, among other things.
Ruvubus river basin to the east and Ruzizis to the west.
latter river forms part of Burundi's west border with Congo
(Kinshasa) and joins Lake Kivus with Lake Tanganyika.
Between the two rivers runs the water divider, which
separates the respective water systems of the Nile and the
Congo, reaching a maximum height of 2,670 m above sea level.
Most of the country has Precambrian bedrock, which is,
however, geologically active, which appears in the form of
Burundi is located in the tropical climate zone, but the
temperature conditions are moderated by altitude. The
average annual temperature throughout the country is 21 °C;
in different areas it varies between 6 °C and 33 °C. The
rainfall is on average 1,400 mm per year, but is less than
1000 mm per year in the southwest at Lake Tanganyika.
Plant-and animal life
Practically nothing remains of the lush deciduous forests
and tree habitats that originally covered the land. Most of
the land is currently cultivated or consists of pasture
land, which is why the fauna and flora are severely
However, some minor remains of the tree saw and a more
widespread man-made, more open savannah type harbor some
animals, although it is mostly overworked by tambourines.
These include antelopes such as impala, topi and oribi,
African buffalo, jackals, hyenas, lions, leopards and
occasional elephants. In rivers and at The beaches of
Tanganyika Lake are found on hippos and occasional
crocodiles. Due to the high age of Lake Tanganyika, a
unique, rich fauna of fish and invertebrates has been
Among the birds in Burundi are vultures, fun eagles,
southern cranes, egrets, pigeons, shining stars, weavers and
Burundi had three national parks in 2010: Kibira.
chimpanzee, Ruvubu and Rusizi (managed as a nature reserve)
and eight larger nature reserves. Most forests have some
form of protection.