In addition to the islands, about 20 of which are inhabited, there are about 2,400 smaller reefs or inserts. Most of the islands are only a few meters high, and the largest, Andros, reaches 22 meters above sea level. On several of them, there are rows of sand hills along the northeast side, created by wave transport and pass winds, which brought the sand higher up. Particularly extensive are such cemented cushions on Long Island and Eleuthera. The highest point, 63 m above sea level, is found on Cat Island.
According to COUNTRYAAH, most famous is the Bahamas for its pleasant subtropical climate. According to BRIDGAT, the average temperature during the colder season is 21 °C, during the summer 27 °C. The rainfall averages 1,400 mm per year, but the high evaporation gives a dry environment in parts of the island world. Persistent winds have a cooling effect, while tropical hurricanes often cause great havoc.
Extensive forests of Caribbean pine are spreading on the larger islands in the northwest. Otherwise, the vegetation consists mostly of shrubs and low trees. Wildlife is dominated by frogs, lizards and snakes. In the caves there are bats, and among larger animals there is a species of aguties and a species of raccoons. All these animal species have been greatly reduced in number. In the sea around the islands there are plenty of fish and other edible animals.
The Bahamas’ twelve national parks are designated primarily to protect nesting sites for the island’s national bird flamingo and to preserve marine environments, including. coral reef.