Belize, in its northern part, is a swampy lowland, drained by Hondo, the Mexico border, and the Belize River. The southern half of the country is occupied by the Maya Mountains, which is a shredded limestone plateau. The highest point, Victoria Peak, reaches 1,122 m above sea level. Outside the 280 km long coastline runs a large barrier reef. The barrier reef has been declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the climate is subtropical with rainy and dry times. The average temperature is 23 °C for December and 29 °C for July. Precipitation varies from 1,350 mm per year in the north to 4,500 mm in the south. Storms are common from July to November.
About 45% of the area is wooded with deciduous trees in the north, pine and cedar in the south. On the coastal plain are savannah and along the coast mangrove vegetation. The animal world shows, among other things. jaguars, Central American tapir and deer, as well as crocodiles and several species of turtles.
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In Belize, there were 16 national parks in 2010. The largest national park, Chiquibul, was set aside in 1956 and protects a 1,076 km2 large rainforest area with, among other things. jaguar, ozelot, several species of monkeys and Central American tapir.
Demography and economic geography. – State of Isthmian Central America, located in the south-eastern part of the Yucatán peninsula. The population (312,698 at the 2010 census, 339,758 according to an estimate by UNDESA, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, of 2014) is made up of mestizos (50%), Creoles (21%), indigenous people gathered under the name of ‘maya’ (10%), garifuna (5%) and a small percentage of whites. Difficult integration between different ethnic groups is one of the main problems, as are the transit of international drug trafficking, money laundering, corruption and the increase in violent deaths linked to organized crime. Although the economy is supported only by tourism and emigrant remittances, the annual per capita income is high, however hiding a huge disparity between rich and poor. Belize depends on foreign countries to satisfy the internal demand for energy and consumer goods and this explains the enormous deficit of the trade balance.