Belize, in its northern part, is a swampy lowland, drained by Hondo, the Mexico border, and the Belize River. The southern half of the country is occupied by the Maya Mountains, which is a shredded limestone plateau. The highest point, Victoria Peak, reaches 1,122 m above sea level. Outside the 280 km long coastline runs a large barrier reef. The barrier reef has been declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the climate is subtropical with rainy and dry times. The average temperature is 23 °C for December and 29 °C for July. According to BRIDGAT, precipitation varies from 1,350 mm per year in the north to 4,500 mm in the south. Storms are common from July to November.
About 45% of the area is wooded with deciduous trees in the north, pine and cedar in the south. On the coastal plain are savannah and along the coast mangrove vegetation. The animal world shows, among other things. jaguars, Central American tapir and deer, as well as crocodiles and several species of turtles.
In Belize, there were 16 national parks in 2010. The largest national park, Chiquibul, was set aside in 1956 and protects a 1,076 km2 large rainforest area with, among other things. jaguar, ozelot, several species of monkeys and Central American tapir.