Geography of Guinea-Bissau

Where is the country of Guinea-Bissau located on world map? According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, Guinea-Bissau is an independent nation located in Western Africa. Guinea-Bissau celebrates its independence day on September 24, commemorating the country’s independence from Portugal in 1974. The formal name of Guinea-Bissau is The Republic of Guinea-Bissau and its national symbols include a flag with two horizontal stripes of green and yellow, an escutcheon featuring a shield with an image of a black panther above it, and the national seal which features an image of a book and a machete crossed over a tree. The national anthem is called “Pátria Amada” which celebrates the country’s struggle for independence. The national flower is the Water Lily while the national animal is the African Wild Dog. Guinea-Bissau also has an official motto: “Unidade, Luta, Progresso” (Unity, Struggle, Progress). See historyaah for Guinea-Bissau history.


Terrain shapes and bedrock

The whole of Guinea-Bissau except the part bordering Guinea is lowland. The coastal area is crossed by a large number of river valleys that give rise to a very lush coastal type, riak coast. Large parts of the coast are sometimes waterlogged, and mangrove swamps and marshlands are common. The Bijagos Islands just off the coastline are isolated parts of this plain.

The inner plains, which spread to the north, form a smooth and monotonous topographic region. They consist, in the northwest, of a southern part of the Senegal river basin, and partly of the Gabú plain in the northeastern part of the country, which is drained by the rivers Geba and Cacheu and their tributaries. The slight slope of their race allows them to meander over the ground and float over their boards during the rainy season.

The northeastern highlands are made up of outcrops from the sandstone plateau Fouta Djallon in Guinea, which reaches about 200 m above sea level. The Boe Hills spread between the western parts of Fouta Djallon and the Gabú plain. They have deep degraded valleys between flat-topped laterite clad elevations.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Offer a full list of commonly used abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms related to the state of Guinea-Bissau.


Guinea-Bissau is characterized by a hot and humid climate. Along the coast, a monsoon climate type rains with rainy season in May – October and with a rainfall of 1,000–2,500 mm per year. The interior of the country has tropical savannah climate with greater variation in temperature and rainfall. In the plains, 1,500-1,800 mm per year falls and in the highlands less than 1 300 mm; Drying times occur between November and April. The temperature is high everywhere, on average 26-27 °C.

Plant-and animal life

Guinea Bissau Wildlife

The natural vegetation in the southern coastal region is partly deciduous rainforest (in particular the islands still have some such remains) and in the north as well as inland by tree water. Nowadays large parts have been replaced with more open savannas or cultivated land and palm plantations. Along the coasts and estuaries there is mangrove swamp with red mangrove.

Wildlife is depleted, but the red baboon (Paʹpio paʹpio), green markata, red colobus monkey (Procoʹlobus baʹdius), house monkey, spotted hyena, several species of antelope and squirrels are still widespread. For the birds often seen among Reed Cormorant (Phalacro’corax africa’nus), hooded vulture (Necrosy’rtes mo’nachus), Black Kite, palm-nut vulture, rose-ringed parakeet, Ethiopian Roller (Cora’cias abyssi’nicus), Pied Kingfisher, Green Bee-eater, common bulbul, pied crow (Co’rvus a’lbus) and various sunbirds. Common agam is one of the most commonly seen lizards both in villages and on savannas.

Nature conservation

Just over 10% of Guinea-Bissau’s land area is under some form of nature protection. In 2011, the country had two national parks, both created in 2000.