Geography of Monaco


According to COUNTRYAAH, the Monaco Cliff is a steep limestone cliff with abundant, subtropical vegetation. The Monte Carlo cliff is not as steep; previously there were former limestone caves, which are now destroyed. The climate is a typical Mediterranean climate, with winter rain and relatively dry summers. The average annual rainfall is about 750 mm; the average temperature during the summer is 20–23 °C, in winter about 10 °C.

Land area 2 km²
Total population 39,000
Population density (per km²) 19,500
Capital Monaco
Official language French
Income per capita $ 115,700
Currency Euro
ISO 3166 code MC
Internet TLD .mc
License plate MC
Telephone code +377
Time zone UTC – 1
Geographic coordinates 43 44 N, 7 24 O

Nature conservation

Monaco Wildlife

In 1997, there were no officially listed protected areas in Monaco.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Offer a full list of commonly used abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms related to the state of Monaco.

Demography and economic geography. – State of Mediterranean Europe. According to an estimate from UNDESA (United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs) in 2014, the population, almost totally urbanized, was 38,066 residents, Of which only 21.6% are Monegasque. The economy, mainly based on tourism, financial services, trade and light industry with high added value, remains very prosperous: in 2012 the GDP grew by 0.9%. The good economic trend was also confirmed for 2013 by the growth of the main sectors (construction, real estate, financial and insurance activities, retail trade, hotels).