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Geography of Qatar

Nature

Terrain shapes and bedrock

The landscape consists of a flat limestone plateau that rises from east to west. The highest lots are hills. On the north and east coast there are occasional cliff slopes. Sand dunes occur in the country's southern and southeastern parts. The rest of the country is occupied by stone and sand deserts with bare-blown surfaces and salt deposits. Coral reefs occur on the coast.

Geography of Qatar

Climate

According to COUNTRYAAH, Qatar has a hot desert climate, where the temperature in summer can reach up to 44 ~ C. The high humidity in summer also makes the nights warm, and the average temperature then reaches about 30 ~ C. In winter, the temperature varies from about 10 ~ C at night to about 20 ~ C during the day. The annual rainfall is low, 50-75 mm, with large variations year on year.

Plant-and animal life

The island-dominated Qatar has a sparse natural plant life, with shrub-covered amaranth plants, euphoria, small tamarisk and grass as the most important feature. In total, there are only about 220 species of flowering plants. At the far north and in the few oases there are date palms. Small stocks of mangroves are found on the coast.

The wildlife is also poor with only 11 species of mammals (mostly rodents), 23 species of nesting birds and 17 species of reptiles. Arabian gazelle (Gazeʹlla gazeʹlla) and the replanted Arabian oyster are in reserve. On the coast, some northern waders, terns and gulls are resting or wintering, and a total of just over 250 bird species have been observed. Off the coast there are coral reefs with rich wildlife.

Nature conservation

Qatar had no national parks in 2010, but there are areas that are covered by a certain nature protection.

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