Terrain shapes and bedrock
The landscape consists of a flat limestone plateau that rises from east to west. The highest lots are hills. On the north and east coast there are occasional cliff slopes. Sand dunes occur in the country’s southern and southeastern parts. The rest of the country is occupied by stone and sand deserts with bare-blown surfaces and salt deposits. Coral reefs occur on the coast.
According to COUNTRYAAH, Qatar has a hot desert climate, where the temperature in summer can reach up to 44 ° C. The high humidity in summer also makes the nights warm, and the average temperature then reaches about 30 ° C. In winter, the temperature varies from about 10 ° C at night to about 20 ° C during the day. According to BRIDGAT, the annual rainfall is low, 50-75 mm, with large variations year on year.
Plant-and animal life
The island-dominated Qatar has a sparse natural plant life, with shrub-covered amaranth plants, euphoria, small tamarisk and grass as the most important feature. In total, there are only about 220 species of flowering plants. At the far north and in the few oases there are date palms. Small stocks of mangroves are found on the coast.
The wildlife is also poor with only 11 species of mammals (mostly rodents), 23 species of nesting birds and 17 species of reptiles. Arabian gazelle (Gazeʹlla gazeʹlla) and the replanted Arabian oyster are in reserve. On the coast, some northern waders, terns and gulls are resting or wintering, and a total of just over 250 bird species have been observed. Off the coast there are coral reefs with rich wildlife.
Qatar had no national parks in 2010, but there are areas that are covered by a certain nature protection.
Area: 11,628 km2 (world ranking: 159)
Population density: 227 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 139)
Capital: Ad-Dawhah (Doha)
Official languages: Arabic
Gross domestic product: US $ 167.6 billion; Real growth: 1.6%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 61,070 US$
Currency: 1 Qatar riyal (QR) = 100 dirhams
Hagenstr. 56, 14193 Berlin
Telephone 030 862060,
Fax 030 86206150 www.katar-botschaft.de
Head of state: Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, head of government and outside: Abdullah bin Nasser Al Thani, outside: Sheikh Mohammed bin Abderrahman Al Thani
National holiday: December 18th (separation of Qatar from the island of Bahrain 1878)
State and form of government
Constitution of 2005
Emirate (constitutional monarchy)
State religion: Islam
No parliament; Consultative meeting (Majlis asch-Shura) with 35 from the head of state. for 3 years. Member
Population: Qatar, last census 2015: 2,404,776 residents
approx. 45% Arabs (thereof 20% Qatar), 34% Indians and Pakistanis, 16% Iranians, 5% other
Cities (with population): (As of 2015) Ar-Rayyan 589,531 inh., Ad-Dawhah (Doha) 587,055, Ash-Shahaniyah 138,509, Ad-Dhakhirah 100,118
Muslims (Sunnis, partly Wahabites), among the foreigners also Christians, Hindus, Buddhists etc. : 2006)
Languages: Arabic; Urdu, among others, Indo-Aryan languages, Persian, English
Workers according to the
agricultural sector. 1%, industry 55%, business. 44% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of all economically active persons)
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 0.4%
Foreign trade: Import: 29.6 billion US $ (2017); Export: 67.3 billion US $ (2017)