Geography of Qatar

Where is the country of Qatar located on world map? According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, Qatar is an independent nation located in Western Asia. The independence day of Qatar is celebrated on December 18th, and is known as ‘National Day’. This marks the day in 1971 when Qatar declared its independence from the United Kingdom. The formal name of the country is ‘State of Qatar’, and the symbols associated with it are the Flag, Coat of Arms, and National Anthem. The Flag of Qatar consists of a maroon background with a white serrated triangle at its hoist side. Inside this triangle are nine white points representing Qatar’s nine original tribes. The Coat of Arms displays a golden horse’s head above two crossed swords, flanked by a pair of crossed palm fronds. Finally, the national anthem is called ‘As-Salam Al-Amiri’, which translates to ‘The Prince’s Salute’. See historyaah for Qatar history.


Terrain shapes and bedrock

The landscape consists of a flat limestone plateau that rises from east to west. The highest lots are hills. On the north and east coast there are occasional cliff slopes. Sand dunes occur in the country’s southern and southeastern parts. The rest of the country is occupied by stone and sand deserts with bare-blown surfaces and salt deposits. Coral reefs occur on the coast.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Offer a full list of commonly used abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms related to the state of Qatar.


Qatar has a hot desert climate, where the temperature in summer can reach up to 44 ° C. The high humidity in summer also makes the nights warm, and the average temperature then reaches about 30 ° C. In winter, the temperature varies from about 10 ° C at night to about 20 ° C during the day. The annual rainfall is low, 50-75 mm, with large variations year on year.

Plant-and animal life

Qatar Wildlife

The island-dominated Qatar has a sparse natural plant life, with shrub-covered amaranth plants, euphoria, small tamarisk and grass as the most important feature. In total, there are only about 220 species of flowering plants. At the far north and in the few oases there are date palms. Small stocks of mangroves are found on the coast.

The wildlife is also poor with only 11 species of mammals (mostly rodents), 23 species of nesting birds and 17 species of reptiles. Arabian gazelle (Gazeʹlla gazeʹlla) and the replanted Arabian oyster are in reserve. On the coast, some northern waders, terns and gulls are resting or wintering, and a total of just over 250 bird species have been observed. Off the coast there are coral reefs with rich wildlife.

Nature conservation

Qatar had no national parks in 2010, but there are areas that are covered by a certain nature protection.

Country data

Area: 11,628 km2 (world ranking: 159)

Population: 2,639,000

Population density: 227 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 139)

Capital: Ad-Dawhah (Doha)

Official languages: Arabic

Gross domestic product: US $ 167.6 billion; Real growth: 1.6%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 61,070 US$

Currency: 1 Qatar riyal (QR) = 100 dirhams


Hagenstr. 56, 14193 Berlin
Telephone 030 862060,
Fax 030 86206150

Head of state: Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, head of government and outside: Abdullah bin Nasser Al Thani, outside: Sheikh Mohammed bin Abderrahman Al Thani

National holiday: December 18th (separation of Qatar from the island of Bahrain 1878)

Administrative structure
8 municipalities

State and form of government
Constitution of 2005
Emirate (constitutional monarchy)
State religion: Islam
No parliament; Consultative meeting (Majlis asch-Shura) with 35 from the head of state. for 3 years. Member

Population: Qatar, last census 2015: 2,404,776 residents
approx. 45% Arabs (thereof 20% Qatar), 34% Indians and Pakistanis, 16% Iranians, 5% other

Cities (with population): (As of 2015) Ar-Rayyan 589,531 inh., Ad-Dawhah (Doha) 587,055, Ash-Shahaniyah 138,509, Ad-Dhakhirah 100,118

religions, mainly
Muslims (Sunnis, partly Wahabites), among the foreigners also Christians, Hindus, Buddhists etc. : 2006)

Languages: Arabic; Urdu, among others, Indo-Aryan languages, Persian, English

Workers according to the
agricultural sector. 1%, industry 55%, business. 44% (2017)

Unemployment (in% of all economically active persons)
no information

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 0.4%

Foreign trade: Import: 29.6 billion US $ (2017); Export: 67.3 billion US $ (2017)

Qatar – Emirate in the peninsula of the same name, on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. Already dominated by the al-Khalifa family, emirs of Bahrain, in 1916 it was occupied by the British who recognized the al-Thani family, the current holder of power, as ruler. Having become a protectorate (1934, at the same time as the discovery of oil), the Qatar gained independence as an emirate in 1971 and was admitted to the UN and the Arab League. Absolute monarchy until 1995, with a legal system that combines the shari‛a with civil codes, the Qatar experienced, with the Emir Hamad ibn Khalifa al-Thani, the start of a gradual process of institutional and political democratization which culminated in 2005 in the promulgation of a provisional Constitution. Opposing the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait (1990), the Qatar supported the US in the wars in Afghanistan (2002) and Iraq (2003).