Terrain shapes and bedrock
According to COUNTRYAAH, Honduras in the north has a long stretch of coast towards the Caribbean and in the south a very short coast towards the Pacific. Most of the area in between is a highland; a long and narrow coastal plain in the north constitutes a well-defined region. However, the lowland extends far south in the valleys of the three major rivers, Ulúa, Aguán and Patuca. The eastern part of the coastal plain, Mosquitia, which extends far into Nicaragua, is wider and is occupied by swamps and lagoons, of which the Caratascalagun is the largest.
The highland area occupies three-quarters of Honduras’ entire area and consists of a series of east-west ridges as well as plateaus of 1,000-2,000 meters above sea level. The mountains of Honduras are outside the most active zone for volcanism and earthquakes. The southern boundary chain is mostly made up of young volcanic material and the highest peaks are extinct volcanoes. The northern Rand Mountains consist of older, crystalline rocks as well as formations from Paleozoic and Mesozoic. The plateaus are raised pen planes.
The coastal plain in the south is covered by alluvial deposits. It is drained by the river Choluteca that flows into the Bay of Fonseca.
Honduras location between 13 ° and 16 ° north latitude causes tropical rainforest climate. The proximity to the sea provides high humidity and pressure heat. The area closest to the coast to the north has a precipitation of 2,000–3,000 mm per year and an average temperature of 26–28 °C. In the Inner Highlands, the climate is cooler, 19-23 °C, and drier. The coastal plain in the south lies in the shelter of the northeastern pass, which is dominant most of the year, and has a warm savannah climate.
About 60% of the country’s area is wooded. About 55% of the forest area consists of moist, rich rainforests; these are mainly found on the Caribbean side of the lower mountain slopes. The plain below houses, among other things. tree saw with Caribbean pine (Piʹnus caribaea [-bɛ: ʹa]). The coast is largely occupied by swamp areas and mangrove forests. In the higher mountain areas there are lush oak pine forests, dry deciduous forests and grassy areas, depending on rainfall and human impact. The mountain slopes and the plains below on the Pacific side were originally covered by dry deciduous forests, now to a considerable extent pasture or cultivation. There are also some mangrove forests along the Pacific coast.
Among mammals in Honduras include puma, jaguar, ozelot, white-nosed coati (Na’sua na’rica), Baird’s Tapir (Tapi’rus bai’rdi), halsbandspekari, white-tailed deer, red spider (A’teles geoffroyi [-rɔ in ‘i]), major kapucin (Ce’bus capuci’nus) and niobanded belt (Daʹsypus novemciʹnctus).
In the bird fauna, you can see parrots, hummingbirds, trogons, counter-moths, tyrant flycatchers and tangaras, and during migration times many North American species. The frog and herbivorous fauna are rich in, among other things. many species of toothpicks, deciduous frogs and iguanas, as well as lace crocodile (Crocodyʹlus acuʹtus), morelet crocodile (Crocodylus moreleʹtii) and eyeglasses. The freshwater fish fauna is surprisingly poor species, the insect fauna on the other hand very rich.
In 2011, Honduras had 17 national parks, including two marinas. There were a large number of nature and wildlife reserves in the country. During the 00s, Honduras has tried to follow Costa Rica’s example and invested a great deal to emerge as a destination for ecotourism.