Geography of San Marino


The landscape of San Marino is dominated by a large central portion of sedimentary bedrock, Monte Ticino, whose highest peak Monte Titano reaches 756 m above sea level. The mountain with its three peaks, each crowned by a castle, is a well-known landmark.

The irregular rectangular land is drained by the rivers Marano, Ausa and San Marino.

Due to the altitude, the climate is mildly warm-tempered rather than a typical Mediterranean climate. In winters the temperature can drop to −7 °C and in summer reach up to 26 °C. The annual rainfall varies between about 550 and 800 mm. See also Italy (Climate).

The vegetation varies with the height above the sea. olive trees, oak, ash, elm and poplar.

Nature conservation

San Marino Wildlife

According to COUNTRYAAH, San Marino has a distinct cultural landscape. In the country there is a nature park and several other smaller, to some extent protected areas, i.e. on the mountain sides of Monte Titano.