The landscape of San Marino is dominated by a large central portion of sedimentary bedrock, Monte Ticino, whose highest peak Monte Titano reaches 756 m above sea level. The mountain with its three peaks, each crowned by a castle, is a well-known landmark.
The irregular rectangular land is drained by the rivers Marano, Ausa and San Marino.
Due to the altitude, the climate is mildly warm-tempered rather than a typical Mediterranean climate. In winters the temperature can drop to −7 °C and in summer reach up to 26 °C. The annual rainfall varies between about 550 and 800 mm. See also Italy (Climate).
The vegetation varies with the height above the sea. olive trees, oak, ash, elm and poplar.
- AbbreviationFinder: Offer a full list of commonly used abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms related to the state of San Marino.
According to COUNTRYAAH, San Marino has a distinct cultural landscape. In the country there is a nature park and several other smaller, to some extent protected areas, i.e. on the mountain sides of Monte Titano.
The political life of San Marino, one of the oldest and smallest republics in the world, experienced a phase of instability in the early 2000s that was expressed in the weakness of the governing coalitions, subject to repeated changes. The alliance between the San Marino Christian Democratic Party (PDCS) and the San Marino Socialist Party (PSS) which had led the country since 1993, entered into crisis in February 2000 following the exit of the Socialists from the government. In March, a new coalition was formed consisting of Christian Democrats, the San Marino Progressive Democratic Party (PPDS) and the Democratic and Socialist reformists (party born in 1997). In March 2001the PPDS, the Democratic and Socialist Reformists and Ideas in Movement decided to join forces and gave birth to a new political formation called the Party of Democrats of San Marino (PDS).
In the political elections of June 2001, the PDCS once again established itself as a majority party, obtaining 25 seats, followed by the PSS, 15 seats, and the PDS, 12 seats. An executive composed of PCDS and PDS was formed, but the re-emergence of the conflicts between the two sides soon led to yet another government crisis (June 2002). A coalition focused on the PSS and the PDS was formed, while the PDCS switched to the opposition. The new executive, however, was short-lived. In December, a renewed agreement between the PSS and the PDCS led to the establishment of a new government which, however, was also soon to be replaced by a new coalition which also included the PDS (December 2003).
At the beginning of 2005, the PSS and the PDS decided to unify and gave birth to the Party of Socialists and Democrats (PSD). Some socialist exponents opposed to the union founded, in turn, the New Socialist Party (NPS). Political elections were held in June 2006. The PDCS suffered a slight decline and won 21 seats, the PSD won 20 seats and the NPS 3 seats. In July, a new executive was formed led by the PSD and made up of other minor leftist formations.