Geography of Singapore


According to COUNTRYAAH, Singapore Island has a predominantly flat terrain; close to 2/3 of the island is lower than 15 m above sea level. In the middle of the island, however, there are a number of granite cliffs, among others. Bukit Timah (177 meters above sea level), which is the highest point of the island.

Singapore has a typical rainforest climate. The average temperature during the year varies slightly, from 25 ° C in January to 27 ° C in June. The average rainfall during the year amounts to about 2,700 mm. December and January, when the northeast passage enters humid air from the sea, are the wettest months with about 250 mm of rain each. The heavy rainfall and the flat, urban, embossed terrain mean that floods are common.

The natural vegetation consists of lowland rainforest and mangrove forest along the coasts. Today, only fragments of natural rainforest remain.

Nature conservation

Singapore Wildlife

In Singapore, in 1997 there was a nature reserve consisting of two parts, Central Catchment and Bukit Timah, which totaled 27 km 2 in size.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Offer a full list of commonly used abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms related to the state of Singapore.


Inflation rate 0.60%
Unemployment rate 2.2%
Gross domestic product (GDP) 528,100,000,000 USD
GDP growth rate 3.60%
GDP per capita $ 94,100
GDP by sector
Agriculture 0.00%
Industry 24.80%
Service 75.20%
State budget
Revenue 19.56 billion
Expenditure 18.8 billion
Proportion of the population below the national poverty line
Distribution of household income
Top 10% 23.2
Lower 10% 4.4
Industrial production growth rate 1.00%
Investment volume 28.9% of GDP
National debt 111.10% of GDP
Foreign exchange reserves 266,300,000,000 USD
Tourism 2014
Number of visitors 11,864,000
Revenue 19,203,000,000 USD