Geography of Singapore

Nature

According to COUNTRYAAH, Singapore Island has a predominantly flat terrain; close to 2/3 of the island is lower than 15 m above sea level. In the middle of the island, however, there are a number of granite cliffs, among others. Bukit Timah (177 meters above sea level), which is the highest point of the island.

Singapore has a typical rainforest climate. The average temperature during the year varies slightly, from 25 ° C in January to 27 ° C in June. The average rainfall during the year amounts to about 2,700 mm. December and January, when the northeast passage enters humid air from the sea, are the wettest months with about 250 mm of rain each. The heavy rainfall and the flat, urban, embossed terrain mean that floods are common.

The natural vegetation consists of lowland rainforest and mangrove forest along the coasts. Today, only fragments of natural rainforest remain.

Nature conservation

Singapore Wildlife

In Singapore, in 1997 there was a nature reserve consisting of two parts, Central Catchment and Bukit Timah, which totaled 27 km 2 in size.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Offer a full list of commonly used abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms related to the state of Singapore.

Economy

Inflation rate 0.60%
Unemployment rate 2.2%
Gross domestic product (GDP) 528,100,000,000 USD
GDP growth rate 3.60%
GDP per capita $ 94,100
GDP by sector
Agriculture 0.00%
Industry 24.80%
Service 75.20%
State budget
Revenue 19.56 billion
Expenditure 18.8 billion
Proportion of the population below the national poverty line
Distribution of household income
Top 10% 23.2
Lower 10% 4.4
Industrial production growth rate 1.00%
Investment volume 28.9% of GDP
National debt 111.10% of GDP
Foreign exchange reserves 266,300,000,000 USD
Tourism 2014
Number of visitors 11,864,000
Revenue 19,203,000,000 USD

From the following elections in April 1955, a coalition government emerged between the Labor Front, to which Prime Minister David Marshall belonged, and an alliance formed by the UMNO, the SMU (organizations of the Malaysian group) and the MCA (representing the Chinese residents), which had 13 seats, while the other 12 were divided among opposition parties, mostly left-wing.

The calls for further constitutional advancement made by the new government led to the convening of two conferences in London in 1956 and 1957, in the second of which an agreement was reached (on April 11) establishing the constitution of a state of Singapore with full internal self-government. A State of Singapore Bill followed, which on 1 August 1958 received the consent of the Crown. The new constitution, which came into force on June 3, 1959, officially established that Singapore was an independent state within the British Commonwealth; it provided for a fully elective legislative assembly, and a council of ministers composed of elected members only. The office of governor general was abolished, and the representative of the English Crown was the head of state himself (Yang di-Pertuan Negara). The British government remained responsible for the defense of the island, maintaining full powers of occupation and use of all military installations, and for foreign affairs, except for cultural and commercial matters, for which a delegation to the government of Singapore. To a security council,

The elections held on May 30, 1959 marked a great victory for the Popular Action Party, representing the advanced but non-Communist left, with 43 seats won out of 51, and its leader Lee Kuan Yew was appointed prime minister.

Since 1947 the economy of Singapore has been in continuous expansion, which has allowed a notable development of social services. Between 1947 and 1957, spending on education rose from 3.4 million Malaysian dollars to 57.1 million. That of the medical-social service from 6.3 to 34.7 million Malaysian dollars.

It should be remembered that on November 23, 1955, the Cocos-Keeling Islands were ceded to Australia, and on October 1, 1958, the Christmas Island was also sold to Australia, which since 1900 was part of the Possessions of the Straits.