Terrain shapes and bedrock
COUNTRYAAH, Kuwait's land area is low and flat with a slight general
rise from the coast along the Persian Gulf towards the
border to the west. The easternmost part of Saudi Arabia's
plateau country with the Musanna Mountains extends here into
Kuwait with the highest point of ash-Shaqaya (290 m asl),
close to the border with Saudi Arabia and Iraq.
The majority of Kuwait is a 75-90 km wide desert of
lowland nature, mainly in the
north-northwest-south-southeast. The landscape is faintly
wavy with smaller streams, playas, which after the rainy
season are often water-filled and used as watering places
for camel herds. The slopes from the higher area in the west
to the plain are marred by eroded dry valleys, wadier. They
also occur in many parts of the country, especially in the
lowland area in the north.
The coast is predominantly flat with a straight
coastline. The Gulf of Kuwait forms the only major cut in
the coastline, about 50 km long. The bay's northern
coastline rises 145 m above sea level in Zawr, while the
capital of Kuwait City lies on the southern coast in lieu of
a cape and has a natural harbor. In the extension of the
inner part of the Gulf of Kuwait, the Jahra oasis is
spreading. In the coastal area there are large stretches of
The bedrock consists of young sedimentary rocks
containing very large oil reserves. Among the many islands
are particularly noticeable Bubiyan in the north, which is
the largest, and Faylaka outside the inlet to the Gulf of
In Kuwait, desert climate dominates with very hot summers
and cool winters. During April to September the temperature
during the daytime reaches 44 ～ C, temporarily up to 54 ～ C.
The winter temperature is around 16 ～ C. Precipitation falls
during the winter period, November - March, and yields
25-180 mm per year, as a result of cyclones entering the
west from an area that is otherwise dominated by the
northeast passage. Strong winds are common, during June -
July they appear as violent sandstorms.
Plant-and animal life
Coherent vegetation is found only in irrigated
agricultural areas, mainly around Kuwait City. The country
is otherwise desert-rich, and the vegetation consists mostly
of low-lying shrubs. In spring, the years when sufficient
rainfall falls, grasses and annual herbs sprout. Salt
marshes, especially along the coast, contain salt-tolerant
vegetation. Along the coast there is a local mangrove.
Wildlife on land is very poor, due to both desert
conditions and hard hunting; The hunt has hit, among other
things. dorkas gazelle, half-ash and cheetah, which were
previously in the area. In stark contrast stands the very
rich wildlife associated with the sea. Here you will find
rich coral reefs and islands with large colonies of terns.
lesser tern (Steʹrna bengaleʹnsis), gray-backed
tern (S. anaetheʹtus) and white-tailed tern (S.
repreʹssa). The coasts are important resting places for
birds on migration between Africa and northern Eurasia.
Kuwait had a national park in 2010, the sand desert Jal
az-Zor within the Gulf of Kuwait, and 14 nature reserves.