Geography of Lesotho

Where is the country of Lesotho located on world map? According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, Lesotho is an independent nation located in Southern Africa.

Lesotho celebrates its independence day on October 4, commemorating the country’s independence from the United Kingdom in 1966. The formal name of Lesotho is The Kingdom of Lesotho and its national symbols include a flag with a blue background and a white mokorotlo (a traditional Basotho hat) in the center, an escutcheon featuring a shield with an image of two crossed spears above it, and the national seal which features an image of a lion. The national anthem is called “Lesotho Fatše La Bo-ntata Rona” which celebrates the country’s struggle for independence. The national flower is the Red Geranium while the national animal is the Black Eagle. Lesotho also has an official motto: “Khotso, Pula, Nala” which means “Peace, Rain, Prosperity”. See historyaah for Lesotho history.


Terrain shapes and bedrock

Lesotho is the country in southern Africa that makes the most reason for the term mountain country. Drakensberg in the east reaches on the border of Kwa Zulu-Natal in South Africa up to 3,482 m asl. at the top Thabana Ntlenyana. From this highland, which is mainly made up of basalt lava in an up to 1,600 m thick warehouse, the country slopes west towards the Orange River. The Maloti Mountains further west and Thaba Putsoa in the south-west separate the valley of the Orange River from the lowlands at the capital Maseru. Outside the highlands, the bedrock is dominated by sedimentary rocks of the Carro formation (about 300–200 million years old), mainly sandstone and shale.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Offer a full list of commonly used abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms related to the state of Lesotho.


The average temperature in the lowlands around Maseru is around 16 °C during the year and in the highlands around 6 °C. The rainfall, which mainly falls during the summer months of November to March, varies between 650 mm per year in Maseru and 1,200 mm in the north. The country shows marked temperature differences between the chilly winter, when it often snows in the mountain regions, and the hot summer.

Plant-and animal life

Lesotho Wildlife

Most of the natural vegetation is made up of grasslands that in some areas are affected by annual fires. In Drakensberg in the east there are many endemic plant species. On lower slopes there are shrubs with a rich dryland flora, similar to the one in Karroo in South Africa but with other species. Tree water and lush bushlands by the watercourses existed until the 19th century but are now lost due to the intensive use of the land. In total, there are about 1,600 species of flowering plants.

Wildlife is also depleted with about 35 species of mammals and 60 species of nesting birds. Among ungulates can be mentioned rock-clippers and rock antelope (Raphi ʹ cerus campe ʹ stris) and among predators scabraches, caracal and a few leopards. South African hussnok (La ‘ mprophis fuligino ‘ sus) and puffadder are among the more common snakes.

Nature conservation

Lesotho had two national parks in 2010. Sehlabathebe National Park, located in the south-eastern parts of the country, is a mountainous area dominated by grass water with rising sandstone cliffs. Tsehlanyane National Park is located at the confluence of the Tsehlanyane and Holomo rivers in the country’s northeastern parts. The National Park consists of a hilly mountain landscape in the foothills of the Maloti Mountains.